Explore this test

  • Test Details
  • Lab Values
  • Clinical Significance
  • Treatment Options
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Explore this test

Test Code 403

Test Details

Albumin

Albumin is the major plasma protein responsible for regulating plasma osmotic pressure as well as providing transport for large organic anions and some drugs. This test measures the amount of albumin in plasma.

Methodology

Colorimetric Principle

Patient Preparation

None

Preferred Specimen

1.0 mL serum (0.5 mL minimum) collected in serum separator tube (SST/Tiger Top)

Alternate Specimen

None

Transport Temperature

Refrigerated (ship on frozen cold packs)

Stability

Refrigerated: 5 months

Lab Values

Lab Values

Albumin

Age Low Normal High
Adults <3.5 g/dL 3.5 – 5.2 g/dL >5.2 g/dL
Children

(14-18 yr)

<3.2 g/dL 3.2 – 4.5 g/dL >4.5 g/dL
Children

(<14 yr)

<3.8 g/dL 3.8 – 5.4 g/dL >5.4 g/dL

 

Test Details
Clinical Significance

Clinical Significance

Albumin

  • Elevated levels associated with dehydration
  • Decreased levels associated with:
    • Liver disease
    • Chronic disease
    • Reduced protein intake
    • Increased catabolism due to tissue damage or inflammation
    • Malabsorption of amino acids
    • Nephrotic syndrome
    • Protein loss via stool in neoplastic disease
Lab Values
Treatment Options

Treatment Options

Albumin

  • Identify etiology of elevated or decreased total testosterone levels with physical assessment and additional diagnostic tests as indicated
  • Treatment is based on etiology of abnormal hormone level
Clinical Significance